The State of Morelos occupies the broad valley on the Pacific
side of the Mexican Volcanic Axis, watered by the springs and streams
descending from the Chichinautzin range to the North into the
Amacuzac river to the South. In slightly less than 5000 km^2, its
climates range from the glaciered heights of Popocatepetl (5452 m)
through pine forests and gardens down to fertile sugar-cane fields at
1000 m. Its capital is Cuernavaca (pop. 400,000), ancient
Cuauhnahuac, "The Place near the Woods"; it has been loved by many
for its particularly gentle climate and exhuberant vegetation.
Cuernavaca is 70 km South of Mexico City, and shielded from its
polution by the intervening sierra.
More Information about Morelos.
The weather and the whim have made the cultural climate prosper.
Cuernavaca has long been a haven for the common and the exalted. In
1866, Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg and his wife Charlotte
established their imperial summer residence at the Borda villa.
Barbara Hutton established her Japanese Shangri-La in the forties and
Carl Jung set up his post-Freudian couch and circle in the fifties.
Bishop Sergio Mendez Arceo developed liberation theology in the
sixties and seventies. Since the eighties, several research
institutes in mathematics, physics and biophysics have been established.
Today, Cuernavaca has by far the highest proportion of PhD's per
inhabitant in Mexico.